The Republic - When Did it Fall?
At what point did the Republic fall and become an empire rather than a representative democracy (a.k.a. Republic)? Watch the following video by Crash Course. According to the host, how much is Julius Caesar to blame for the fall of the Republic? Augustus? How does he define "empire"? Where does he lay the ultimate blame for the fall of the Republic? Do you agree with him or not? Why?
If we accept or take seriously the theory presented in Crash Course, then we need to look earlier in Rome's History. Was it possible to avoid the rise of the general as power figure in Rome? Or, is it possible, to preserve the old Republican ideal of loyalty to Rome first rather than to a general or one man? A key time would be during Rome's expansion, the reforms of Marius, and the Gracchi brothers.