Seminar One Readings: Advice from Renaissance parents to their children Textbook - pages 26-39. Compare the people of Renaissance Europe to the people of today.
Machiavelli - 6.5 minute video overview of his life and thoughts and theories. How much of his theory is applicable to today? too dated?
Seminar Two Readings Chapter 2 plus.... Thomas Hobbes excerpts John Locke excerpts Rousseau excerpts Galileo's letter to the Duchess
Versailles and Louis XIV An overview of selected Baroque art - look at the pretty pictures Baroque music a nice selection
Focus: What form of government is best - then, now, and the future, Galileo - martyr for science?, Louis XIV - great king or legend in his own mind?, art and music reflecting the time? Vice article that the Social Contract - referencing Rousseau - has been broken in the United States
Seminar Three Chapter 3 - Reading One, Reading Two, Reading Three, Reading Four, Reading Five, Reading Six, Reading Seven, Reading Eight
Focus: 1. (With reference to lecture notes from "Why Europe" and Chapter 3) Decide to which degree the following is true: Europe was only able to establish non-European possessions when a multitude of factors came together in the 16th century - without most or even all of those factors/discoveries, Europe would not have expanded. 2. Conflict was inevitable between native and European societies - to what extent do you agree/disagree and why? 3. The conflict between the honour code and the Church became extended to the New World - discuss.
Seminar Four - Background of Freemasons (Principles and Activities, Membership Requirements), Masonic Conspiracy Theories, Mozart - music 1, Handel's Hallelujah chorus or a more humourous version, and some Bach. Some Rubens' painting vs Poussin paintings, and then Watteau vs Chardin. Examine Swift's "Modest Proposal", Frederick II quotes, and Voltaire quotes - first 3 pages. You'll need Chapter four from the text but concentrate on the aspects that answer the questions/focus and support the primary sources. Focus: 1. Evaluate the effectiveness of the following responses to the enlightenment by the intellectual elite - closer relationship with an absolute monarch? Raising public awareness through pamphlets, publications, etc? Forming an oligarchy (small group that runs or heavily influences the country)? Changing the underlying beliefs of the culture through art and music? 2. Absolute monarchs - a new form of government for the good of the country or simply a dressed up old fashioned monarchy with more power and a better sense of public relations?
Even Adam Smith Didn't Trust the Invisible Hand - view of Smith's theory and interpretation of how it applies through time and criticism of it 4:30 video
Seminar Five - Napoleonic Seminar - Chapter 5 plus Sieyes, Burke, Cahiers of the 3 estates, What French children were to believe about Napoleon, Memory of Napoleon and his character, Marie Antoinette's letter to her mother, Declaration of Rights, French National Anthem. Focus: Was the Revolution inevitable (how it could have been avoided or not and why in just certain countries and not others)? 2nd Was Napoleon just another absolute monarch or was he the best hope for preserving the ideals of the Revolution? 3rd Discuss the link between the new tactics and strategies of warfare and the society and politics of the time (key concept - power shift).
Seminar Six - This seminar is a research seminar. You will present your findings to me in a group of your choosing - the larger the group, the more time you will have to impress me. In this seminar, you will discuss the latest research and the primary evidence to decide on how to interpret the War of 1812 as historians. You will also need to come up with a list of questions and how to investigate the theories about the militia and civilians in more detail. The readings are all on-line and are to be used with Monday's lecture on the War of 1812. Overview of the entire War, Alan Taylor's view that the War of 1812 was more of a 'civil war" than a war between nations, Introduction to the War in southwestern Ontario (Upper Canada) which introduces the film clips and the effects of the war on the civilians, The struggle between government sanctioned leaders and "Reformers", Brock's view of the civilians and the militia at the beginning of the war, Armies forage for supplies among civilians, The British retreat in Upper Canada during 1813 and effects on civilians, War creates refugees and dislocation of native tribes, Civilians (loyal and turncoat) fight it out in Western Ontario, Use the index page of local letters to and from the Northumberland militia to list the jobs undertook by the militia. Also, select relevant letters for more detail about how much threat the Americans were to this area and the attitude of the militia and the attitude towards the militia (you'll need to infer for those attitudes). You should be able to quickly scan the titles for the most productive letters. The Capture of Detroit - read this overview and note down 2 essential elements - the difference in command between the Americans and Canadians and also the role of the militia and the effects of the battle on the militia in Upper Canada, Examine the following list of Battles of the War of 1812: select 10 battles and quickly examine how much of a presence the militia had on the two sides (it's in the sidebar at the top or under the section "Order of Battle" - a few battles do not break down the numbers). This episode of "Canada: A People's History" covers far too much (pre-U.S. revolution to 1815).. You only need the last chapter: "Traitors and Heroes" which starts at 1:34:32 and goes to the end (just over 10 minutes). It deals not only with the militia, civilians and turncoats but also overviews the bloodiest battle of the War - the Battle of Lundy's Lane. The main eyewitness, in this clip, for the Battle - Henry Ruttan - was from Cobourg and transferred from the Northumberland militia to the more demanding and professional Incorporated Militia of Upper Canada.
Context questions: Why did the War of 1812 happen versus why it nearly did not happen. Why did the plans of all 3 sides fail? Characteristics of battle - how was it similar and different from the Napoleonic battles? What was the role, importance, and legacy of the militia and the civilian population? How were the militia and civilian population affected by the war?
In-depth analysis: How, as historians today, should we view the militia and civilian population of Upper Canada? What types of information need to be examined and what questions need to be asked that were not addressed in the readings nor the lecture that still need to be addressed to give an accurate and unbiased view? How could these questions and information be addressed/gathered?
NOTE: Monday's lecture will help you with these questions. You can have parts of Tuesday's and Wednesday's class to prepare with your group. You are to work together - I'll be the one questioning the group's ideas.... There will be a multiple choice test on the War of 1812 as part of your skill lessons after we go over how to prepare and write the multiple choice test - test will be early next week.
Seminar Seven - Role Seminar and Industrialism. Chapter Seven (for background and possible exam question) plus your research for your role. You need enough research that you are convincing for your role - as discussed in class, you must be that person for the duration of the 25-30 minutes. Bonus for costume. Penalty for lame accent. Submit your notes with a works cited page for your sources. I would suggest you use the extensive testimony out there by factory workers, children, owners, and utopians. ****This is a typical seminar for workload so judge how much research you need from that viewpoint.*****
Seminar Eight - Readings: Chapter 8, condition of the poor in England and revolutionary thoughts, American interview with Karl Marx, Anarchism - why, Marx's graveside tribute, Bismarck quotes, Dreyfus, Darwin, reaction to Darwin, Impressionism, Post-impressionism RSA Animate - Crises of Capitalism - view of today. Overview of Marx's system (10 minute Youtube video) and easily relates to today's society - emphasizes the problems with capitalism and Marx's answer to it.
Focus: Was society poised for revolution (political, social, artistic)? Evaluate the response of governments to the strains in their society? Evaluate the beliefs/philosophies of the Marxists, Nationalists (such as Bismarck), Socialists, Anarchists, and Capitalists in dealing with these strains in their society and our own society. Is our present society going through another capitalist crisis that will only be solved by radical change (see the RSA Animate source - Implied view is capitalism is running out of places to shift its problems to so it's headed towards needing a change.)? ***** Notes handed in for this seminar. Concentrate on making notes appropriate for the seminar!!!***
Seminar Nine - Role seminar - Relevant selections from Chapters 6 and 9. Focus is on European Imperialism, especially in the 1890's and turn of the century (1900-1902). Presume the seminar takes place in the year 1900. Also useful are: - Why Egypt needs to be governed by the English. German reasons for imperialism Kipling's White Man's Burden see the Black Man's Burden poem in the textbook plus This View of European Imperialism and excerpts from Heart of Darkness_ . You will need to do a bit of research to understand your role. Roles are: a Boer leader, British East Indian Company President, a minor leader in the Chinese Boxer Rebellion, an Induentured Indian worker, Lord Salisbury the British Prime Minister, Cecil Rhodes, a leader of the Ashanti.
***** You'll need your own research for your role, both primary and secondary sources. Understand your own person's viewpoint but you should start with a quick overview of the events - Boer War, British control of India, and British influence and interaction with China through the 19th century to the early 1900's. Hand in your notes ******
Seminar Ten - Readings: Chapter 10, WWI Beginning sources, and the 2nd page WWI the breaking of the armies and population. Primary source interpretation, Focus: How do we use the primary sources to support and test the views of historians? How and why did the views of the soldiers and population change through the war? In what ways did WWI 'break' Europe as the dominant power?
Seminar Eleven - Chapter 10 with the following on-line readings: Russia's future expanding eastwards - pre-Revolution , Statement of Lenin's beliefs and goals, Lenin refines his beliefs to a small revoltionary party, Octobrists' beliefs, Nationalist Party Beliefs, Union of the Russian People Party's Beliefs, Tsar Nicholas' abdication, Lenin's call to tople the Provisional Government, Lenin establishes Commission to Fight Counter-Revolution, Art in the new Soviet Union - theory, Art in Tsarist Russia through Lenin and the Death of the Imperial Family, Focus: The Russian Revolution - was it inevitable or the result of bad government? Why did the Bolsheviks win power over the alternative parties - did the others have a chance? How was art used as a 'weapon' to hold or seize power? Why were other nations able to resist revolution despite the stresses of WW I?
*****These seminars will be longer and worth more marks per group and I will be looking for arguments/controversial statements/thinking that is backed up by material from the readings/history. Notes will be marked from this week - again, I'm looking for notes made for this seminar and possible essay questions - not a straight summary.....*******
Seminar Twelve - We will be doing a line debate seminar on Tuesday (all groups)....
For chapter 11, we will do a line debate which means you will need to have a clear position, support, and the ability to counteract the people with different opinions on the following 3 questions:
1. Nazism (or at least a radical right-wing government) was inevitable in Germany after the Versailles Treaty.
2. Keynes’ theory is correct on how Western governments should respond to the boom and bust cycles in capitalism.
3. WWI caused a major break in Western society; what came after was radically different from the pre-WWI world.
This is How the Islamic State Manufactures Child Militants - article from VICE shows how it is much like Nazism and their youth
Remember, a line debate means you have a position on a sliding scale from heavily agree with the statement to heavily disagree.
Seminar Thirteen - Read Chapter 11 and the section on Strategy and German Secret Weapons at : http://www.2worldwar2.com/
The focus is - Was the outcome of WWII inevitable? Was it possible to alter the way and manner it turned out? How easily?
Seminar Fourteen - Russia and the West - stage 1: Chapter 13 and 14 (material relevant to the relationship between Russia and the West, but include their effects on other parts of the world). Why the Cold War starts - Churchill's view, Stalin's view. Cuban Missile Crisis - both sides, Why the Soviet Union fell (all 7 parts), other "How much of the Cold War was a struggle between rival empires versus a struggle between two different ideologies?" How effective was public protest against the threat of nuclear war? Pay especial attention to the late 1970's and the 1980's. Use this article for an overview - pay most attention to the relevant time period and protests against nuclear weapons. Watch the music videoes "Russians" by Sting and "99 Red Balloons" by Nena (original German version if you want) from the resurgence of the Cold War during the late 70's, early 80's. Be prepared to discuss all the imagery from the lyrics, sounds, and visual images for "Russians".
Seminar Fifteen - Chapter 14, Human rights (all), Orwell, Colonialism and its Remnants (all)
Exam seminar - Russia and the West - stage 2: the crisis in the Ukraine. The seminar will be on the essential questions - Why did the crisis happen? Who are the stakeholders and the position of each one? What are possible responses and in what directions might this crisis play out?
Conflict in Israel and Palestine - Crash Course 12 minute video
A City Divided: Jerusalem's Most Contested Neighborhood 16 minute VICENEWS video that examines conflict within a small neighbourhood
John Horgan: Why the US military needs to shrink. -- Ian Bremmer - Time's running out for the US - how the US must redefine itself as a superpower and allies
Here's How Russia Will Reclaim its Future from Putin - Open Russia view of Putin and alternatives to him - article linked to other articles
80 Billionaires control as much wealth as the bottom 50% of the global population - article
Interviews with People around the world today on politics and religion and their connection - video
Why are American Troops in the Ukraine - video from Ukraine by VICE, interviews - video
The Russians are Coming - NATO's frontier - VICE news article and video
How ISIS Stays in Power - 5:30 minute TED talk video, looks at how ISIS and other groups promote themselves through charity work
How Fear Drives American Politics | David Rothkopf | TED Talks
Chrystia Freeland: The rise of the new global super-rich 15 minute video on today's super rich.
: The rise of the new global super-rich
In Photos: North Korea Through the Lens of David Guttenfelder - interesting series of photos